The European Union’s decision-making process should be changed to ensure states openly take a stand on controversial issues, the European Commission proposed on Tuesday, in a move aimed at tackling growing euroscepticism.
The proposal follows spats on whether certain chemicals and genetically modified organisms (GMOs) should be approved. With member states failing to find a compromise, the Brussels-based Commission had to make the decision.
Under the current format, a qualified majority (above 50 percent) of total votes is needed to make a decision. In certain cases, that cutoff is not reached because many of the member states abstain from the vote. Brussels is then left to adopt unpopular measures and is then blamed for it.
Under the proposed changes, the new voting system would need a simple majority for decisions concerning acts that apply agreed laws – making abstentions irrelevant. The Commission also wants to make the votes public to increase general awareness on how decisions are made at EU level.
This may stem euroscepticism as the Commission believes people will be more aware of the unpopular decisions that have been made by their own states, instead of thinking the measures came from Brussels.
In June, Brussels extended the approval for weed-killer glyphosate, used in Monsanto’s Roundup, for a limited period of 18 months after member states failed to agree if access to the controversial chemical should be renewed within the EU market.
Glyphosate is considered as a carcinogenic risk by some experts but is deemed safe by others.
The decision fuelled criticism from environmental and citizen campaign groups against Brussels, thus strengthening euroscepticism already on the rise in many states where citizens often accuse the European Union for measures their own governments had delegated to Brussels.
“It is not right that when EU countries cannot decide among themselves whether or not to ban the use of glyphosate in herbicides, the Commission is forced by Parliament and Council to take a decision,” the Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker said.
The proposal to amend the decision-making process, known as comitology, needs approval of EU states and the EU parliament.
The group of the Greens in the European Parliament said the Commission proposal was not enough.
“While we are pleased that the Commission is finally taking action, the proposals announced today fall far short of what is needed. They are merely tinkering with a system that needs to be completely overhauled,” said Greens lawmaker Benedek Javor.
The Commission said that over the last two years it was obliged to adopt 17 acts which concerned the authorisation of sensitive substances, because states were not able to decide themselves.